HPD® Evaporation and Crystallization
The CRP™ (Chloride Removal Process) System
The installation of an integrated HPD® CRP (Chloride Removal Process) system from Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies allows recovery of precipitator ash while purging contaminants from the process. The mill benefits by decreasing overall chemical makeup costs and improvements in recovery boiler operation.
Non-Process Elements (NPE's) Removal and Sodium Recovery
As pulp mills continue to improve spill collection and pulp washing efficiency, removal of non-process elements from the recovery cycle becomes a critical issue.
Non-process elements, including chloride and potassium from the wood and chemical makeup, accumulate in the recovery cycle, adversely impacting the operation of the boiler.
Problems caused by this accumulation include:
- Plugging in the super-heater
- Corrosion in the recovery boiler
- Increased steam demand
Mills have addressed the problem by purging precipitator ash, which causes the added expense of sodamakeup. The CRP™ System offers a more efficient solution.
The CRP System takes advantage of the fact that chloride and potassium are enriched in the recovery boiler fume. As a result, the best way to manage chloride and potassium is to treat the subsequent precipitator ash.
The CRP System dissolves precipitator ash in condensate and feeds it to an evaporative crystallizer. As the water evaporates, sodium sulfate and, depending on the ash composition, sodium carbonate crystals are precipitated.
The resulting slurry is transferred to the centrifuge where the crystals are de-watered, washed and returned to the black liquor for chemical recovery.
The centrate, with the concentrated chloride and potassium, recirculates back to the crystallizer and is partially purged to remove these components from the liquor cycle.
CRP System Removal Efficiency
85 - 93%